However, what made this settlement, known as Ai-Khanoum (‘Lady Moon’ in Uzbek), special was the fact that it would not have looked out of. The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek. City in Afghanistan. LAuriAnne MArTinez-Sève. ArTiCLe. Abstract. The excavations of the Greek settlement of. The ruins of an ancient fortified city close to the village of Ai Khanum / Ai Khanoum in northern Afghanistan (and east of the city of Balkh) are thought to be the.

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Silk Roads Trading Centre.

The City of Infidels. Plate from Ai Khanum Alexandria on Oxus. Ruins at Yemshi Tepe.

Ai-Khanoum: A Greek city in north-east Afghanistan – Real History

Examples of the Bactrian Gold Ornaments. Example of Poor Quality Pseudo-Scholarship. Safeguarding the Bactrian Treasure.


Location of the Dashly Sites. Excavation of the ruins show that the city was built over an older, Persian city. One branch of the ancient Aryan trade roads, the Silk Roads, passed beside the city and this allowed the city to control the lapis lazuli and other precious ak trade.

It would have therefore been a strategic city for any ruler, including Aryan rulers, in asserting their control of the surrounding land.

Excavation of the ruins have unearthed several artefacts, and one of particular note is a plate that appears to depict Zoroastrian and Mithraic imagery in a Greek manner.


The plate shows what appear to be a combination of Greek and Zoroastrian elements: Authors have speculated that this image represents the Greek sun god Helios.

It could even be a Greek depiction of Mithra we can postulate that the Greeks would have anthroporphized any Aryan god or Zoroastrian angel.

To the right of the plate is what appears to be a Zoroastrian fire altar.


Some authors have speculated that the image to the plate’s left is that of the goddess Cybele on a chariot pulled by lions. However, the images do not have to be those of a Greek goddess.

Excavated foundation walls and the Amu Darya river flowing to the left of the image. Were Ancient Zoroastrians Vegetarian?

The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek City in Afghanistan

China Sugd Uzbekistan Sugd Tajikistan 3. Studies in Parsi History pdf Karaka: History of the Parsis pdf Khannoum History Manners Customs pdf National Geographic Atash Bahram Modern Temples: Eschatology Death Ceremonies Methods. Media Babylon Persia Rawlinson: Yasna 45 pdf Jackson: Ai Khanum with the Amu Darya River in the background.