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He is primarily known for writing The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guestthe play from which the popular character of Don Juan originates. He was ordained a priest by His first publication, the incomplete Cigarrales de Toledo licensed inbut not published tillis a miscellany, containing short tales, novellasverses and three plays. One of the novellas, Los tres maridos burladosprobably derived mmaridos Francesco Cieco da Ferrara ‘s Mambrianoand the play entitled El vergonzoso en palacio reveal his wit and ingenuity.
The preface to the Cigarrales de Toledo states that Tirso de Molina had already written three hundred plays, and at this period of his career he was second only to Lope de Vega in popularity.
Los tres maridos burlados | The Association for Hispanic Classical Theater (AHCT)
Tirso de Molina was one of Lope’s most ardent followers. He showed hostility to culteranismo in the Cigarrales de Toledoand made numerous enemies by his attacks on the new school in such pieces as Amar por arte mayor and La celosa de lis misma.
The realistic character of some of his productions gave his rivals an excuse to denounce him as a corrupter of public morals to the council of Castile inand, though no legal action was taken against him, he appears to have been reprimanded privately.
In it was thought advisable to transfer him to Salamancaand Tirso de Molina left Madrid bulrados to write no more for the stage. Though one of his plays, La huerta de San Juanis datedthere is no proof that it was begun after his departure from Madrid, and he seems to have written nothing for eight years.
He had not lost his interest in the theatre, and published twelve representative pieces as the first part of his dramatic works This was a formal protest against the weakness of those who had been persuaded to drive him out.
Tirso de Molina
On the other hand, he worked zealously tees behalf of his order, and rose to an important position; he became superior of the monastery at Trujillo inwas elected later to the posts of reader in theology and definidor general [ further explanation needed ]and in May was appointed chronicler of the Order of Mercy. Mairdos Deleitar aprovechando is a devout counterpart of the Cigarrales de Toledomuch inferior to its predecessor in interest; a sequel was promised to this collection of pious tales, pious lyrics, and autos, but, as in the case of the Cigarrales de Toledothe continuation never appeared.
The fourth and fifth parts of his dramatic works and each contain twelve plays; the haste with which these five volumes were issued indicates the author’s desire to save some part of his work from destruction, and the appearance of his “nephew”‘s name on the title-pages of the last four volumes indicates his desire to avoid conflict with the authorities.
A sixth volume of dramatic pieces, consisting of light comedies, was announced; but the project was abandoned. That dramatic composition still entertained the scanty leisure of Tirso’s old age is shown by the fact that the fragmentary autograph copy of Las quinas de Portugal is dated 8 Marchbut his active career as a dramatist ended two years earlier.
He was absorbed by other duties. As official chronicler of his order, he compiled the elaborate Historia de la Merced his religious orderwhich occupied him till 24 December and was not published until On 29 September Tirso de Molina became superior of the monastery at Soriaand died there. It is only within the last century that it has become possible to give an outline of his life; it will always be impossible for posterity to do justice to his genius, for but a fraction of his plays have been preserved.
The earliest maridks his extant pieces is dated and bears no sign of immaturity; in he had written three hundred plays, and in he stated that he had composed four hundred within the previous twenty years; of this immense production not more than eighty plays, are in existence. Tirso de Molina is universally known as the author of El Burlador de Sevilla y convidado de piedra The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guestthe piece in which Don Juan is first presented on the stage; but El Burlador de Sevilla represents only one aspect of his genius.
Though manifestly attracted by exceptional cases, by every kind of moral aberration, by the infamous and the terrible, his range is virtually unlimited.
Los tres maridos burlados: Dario Fernandez Florez: : Books
The renaissance of his fame, however, dates from —, mariros an incomplete but serviceable edition of his plays was published by Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch. He is now accepted as among the greatest dramatists of Spain. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest.
Los tres maridos burlados
By Tirso de Molina. In Foster, David William. Spanish Writers on Gay and Lesbian Themes. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.