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Mahagujarat movementknown as Mahagujarat Andolan locally, was a political movement demanding the creation of the state of Gujarat for Mahaggujarat -speaking people from the bilingual Bombay state of India in It succeeded in the mahagujarar of Gujarat, as well as the Marathi -speaking Maharashtra state, on 1 May The term Mahagujarat includes all Gujarati speaking area including mainland Gujarat and peninsulas of Saurashtra and Kutch.
During British rule in Indiasections of the western coast of India were the part of the Bombay Presidency. InBombay Presidency was included as a province of British India.
On 17 JuneRajendra Prasad set up the Linguistic Provinces Commission to recommend whether or not the states should be reorganized on mahagujarwt linguistic basis.
The commission included S. In its 10 December report, the Commission recommended that “the formation of provinces on exclusively or even mainly linguistic considerations is not in the larger interests of the Indian nation”. The Mahagujarat conference was held in to include all Gujarati speaking people under one administration which finally resulted in formation of Gujarat.
According to the autobiography of Indulal YagnikBombay state chief minister B.
Kher and the then home minister Morarji Desai visited Dang in May, Kher stated that tribal people of Dang spoke Marathi and focus should be on that. Indulal Yagnik and others visited Dang to examine this.
Gujarati Sabha also sent a committee for examination and agitate on negligence by government.
Potti Sreeramuluone of the activists demanding Andhra State, died on 16 December after undertaking a fast-unto-death. Subsequently, Andhra State was formed in This sparked agitations all over the country demanding linguistic states.
The commission reported in to reorganise states of India. SRC considered to form states on linguistic basis but recommended that Bombay state should stay as a bilingual state. The southernmost districts of Bombay state were included in Mysore State.
So it had Gujarati-speaking population in north and Marathi-speaking population in southern parts. The situation became complicated because both of them wanted to include Bombay city now Mumbai in their own states due to its economic and cosmopolitan values.
Jawaharlal Nehru also suggested to form three states; Maharashtra, Gujarat and centrally governed city-state of Bombay to solve conflict. Protest broke out in Bombay and other Marathi -speaking districts later known as Samyukta Maharashtra Movement demanding separate Marathi state.
On 8 August some college students of Ahmedabad went to local Congress House near Lal Darwaza to demand separate state. Morarji Desai did not listen them gujagati police repression resulted in death of five to eight students.
Indulal Yagnik came out of his retirement from politics  and founded Mahagujarat Janata Parishad to guide movement. Many protesters including Indulal Yagnik and Dinkar MehtaDhanvant Shroff were arrested and kept at Gaekwad Haveli in Ahmedabad for a few days and later imprisoned in Sabarmati Central Jail for three and half months. People did not turned up to support him during fast and stayed in home following self-imposed curfewJanata Curfew.
Just before the declaration of carving three states as Nehru suggested, members of Parliament suggested return to bilingual Bombay state together. There guuarati conflict over Mumbai and Dang which was solved through discussions. Gandhian activist Ghelubhai Nayak actively lobbied for accession of Dang in Gujarat.
Mahagujarat Andolan PDF Download – Naukri | The King Of General Knowledge
President Rajendra PrasadVice-President Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru finally agreed upon the formation of two new lingual states after prolonged ugjarati. On 1 Maytwo new states, Gujarat and Maharashtra, were created. Several leaders associated with the movement were writers, poets and even film-makers. Mayaa novel by Indulal Yagnik is set during movement.
Midnight’s Childrena classic by Salman Rushdiewhich won the Booker Prize has a backdrop of both the Mahagujarat movement as well as Samyukta Maharashtra movement. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mahagujarat movement Rally supporting movement.
Bombay stateIndia. Retrieved 25 November India Guide Publications, The Times of India. The Shaping of Modern Gujarat: Plurality, Hindutva, and Beyond. Retrieved 24 November Federation of India and States’ Reorganisation: Deep and Deep Publications.
Mahagujarat movement – Wikipedia
Protest marchStreet protestriothunger strikestrike.